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C++ Dictionary


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! ::: NOT Operator

 

#define ::: a directive that defines a macro

 

#include ::: includes libraries of functions and statements

 

+= ::: add-and-assign operator; a+=b is roughly equivalent to a=a+b

 

.c file ::: file that will be compiled in the C language

 

.cpp file ::: file that will be compiled in the C++ language

 

.h file ::: file that contains a header file

 

<< ::: (1) iostream output operator; (2) integer left-shift operator

 

= ::: assignment operator; NOT the equality operator

 

== ::: equality operator

 

>> ::: (1) iostream input operator; (2) integer right-shift operator

 

ACCU ::: Association of C and C++ Users

 

address ::: memory location

 

algorithm ::: precise definition of a computation

 

ANSI ::: The American national standards organization

 

application ::: a collection of programs seen as serving a common purpose

 

array ::: contiguous sequence of elements. An array doesn't know its own size; the programmer must take care to avoid range errors

 

bit ::: a unit of memory that can hold 0 or 1

 

Bjarne Stroustrup ::: the designer and original implementor of C++

 

block comment ::: comment started by /* and terminated by */

 

bool ::: the built-in Boolean type; true or false

 

bug ::: colloquial term for error

 

byte ::: a unit of memory that can hold a character of the C++ representation character set

 

C ::: programming language designed and originally implemented by Dennis Ritchie. C++ is based on C and maintains a high degree of compatibility with C

 

C++ ::: a general-purpose programming language with a bias towards systems programming that supports procedural programming, data abstraction, object-oriented programming, and generic programming. C++ was designed and originally implemented by Bjarne Stroustrup.

 

char ::: character type

 

char* ::: pointer to a char or an array of char

 

character type ::: char, unsigned char, and signed char

 

cin ::: standard istream

 

class ::: a user-defined type

 

comment ::: a part of the code that is skipped over when the computer reads the code

 

const ::: attribute of a declaration that makes the entity to which it refers readonly

 

constant ::: literal, object or value declared const, or enumerator

 

constructor ::: member function with the same name as its class, used to initialize objects of its class

 

cout ::: standard ostream

 

data member ::: member of a class that can hold a value

 

declaration ::: an introduction of a name into a scope

 

default argument ::: a value specified for an argument in a function declaration

 

default constructor ::: constructor requiring no arguments

 

default value ::: value defined by a default constructor

 

definition ::: a declaration that specifies the entity to which the declared name refers

 

delete ::: object destruction operator

 

derived class ::: a class with one or more base classes

 

destructor ::: member of a class used to clean up before deleting an object

 

double ::: double-precision floating-point number

 

element ::: an object in a container

 

enum ::: keyword for declaring enumerations

 

enumeration ::: a user-defined type consisting of a set of named values

 

enumerator ::: a name identifying a value of an enumeration

 

equality operator ::: See '==' (Found in Dictionary Entry 1)

 

escape character ::: the character \, also called backslash, is used to perform escape codes

 

escape codes ::: an initial character in representations of characters that cannot be represented by a single ASCII character, such as newline ('\n') and horizontal tab ('\t')

 

exception ::: object thrown by a throw-statement and (potentially) caught by an exception handler associated by a try-block

 

executable file ::: the result of linking the object files of a complete program (.exe)

 

expression ::: combination of operators and names producing a value

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